Showing posts with the label keynes

Net Economics #Classical Economists and their work# Economic theory

 Net Economics #Classical Economists and their work# Economic theory Pls follow , like and share Classical economics, also known as classical political economy, is a school of economic thought that emerged in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. It laid the foundation for modern economics and was dominant until the late 19th century. Classical economists focused on understanding the mechanisms of economic growth, production, and distribution of goods and services in market economies significant contributions and the years in which they were active: Adam Smith (1723-1790): Major Work: "The Wealth of Nations" (1776) Contributions: Smith is often referred to as the father of economics. In "The Wealth of Nations," he introduced the concept of the invisible hand, arguing that individuals pursuing their own self-interest in a free market economy unintentionally promote the general welfare. He also discussed the division of labor, productivity, and the role of markets i

Ugc net Keynesian Theory of Income and Employment

Keynesian Theory of Income and Employment: John Maynard Keynes DEFINITION AND EXPLANATION: John Maynard Keynes was the main critic of the classical macro economics. He in his book 'General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money' out-rightly rejected the Say's Law of Market that supply creates its own demand. He severely criticized A.C. Pigou's version that cuts in real wages help in promoting employment in the economy. He also opposed the idea that saving and investment can be brought about through changes in the rate of interest. In addition to this, the assumption of full employment in the economy is not realistic. So long as the economy was operating smoothly, the classical analysis of aggregate economy met no serious opposition. However, Great Depression of 1930's created problems of increasing unemployment, reducing national income, declining prices and failing firms increased in intensity.

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