Net Economics #Classical Economists and their work# Economic theory

 Net Economics #Classical Economists and their work# Economic theory Pls follow , like and share Classical economics, also known as classical political economy, is a school of economic thought that emerged in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. It laid the foundation for modern economics and was dominant until the late 19th century. Classical economists focused on understanding the mechanisms of economic growth, production, and distribution of goods and services in market economies significant contributions and the years in which they were active: Adam Smith (1723-1790): Major Work: "The Wealth of Nations" (1776) Contributions: Smith is often referred to as the father of economics. In "The Wealth of Nations," he introduced the concept of the invisible hand, arguing that individuals pursuing their own self-interest in a free market economy unintentionally promote the general welfare. He also discussed the division of labor, productivity, and the role of markets i

Econometrics Regression Analysis part 1


Econometrics Regression Analysis

Part 1

 Regression analysis is a statistical method used to model and analyze the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In the context of econometrics, this technique is widely employed to understand and quantify the relationships between economic variables. Here's a more detailed breakdown:

Dependent Variable (Y): This is the variable that you want to predict or explain. In econometrics, it often represents an economic outcome or phenomenon, such as GDP, inflation, or unemployment rate.

Independent Variable(s) (X): These are the variables that you believe influence or explain changes in the dependent variable. They are also referred to as predictor variables. In economics, independent variables can include factors like interest rates, government spending, or consumer income.

Linear Regression Model: The simplest form of regression assumes a linear relationship between the dependent and independent variables. The model is represented as Y = β0 + β1X1 + β2X2 + ... + ε, where β0 is the intercept, β1, β2, etc. are the coefficients for the independent variables, and ε is the error term.

Estimation of Coefficients: The goal is to estimate the coefficients (β values) that minimize the difference between the predicted values from the model and the actual observed values. This is typically done using methods like the method of least squares.

Interpretation of Coefficients: Once coefficients are estimated, they provide information about the strength and direction of the relationships. For example, a positive coefficient indicates a positive relationship, while a negative coefficient suggests an inverse relationship.

Hypothesis Testing: Econometricians often conduct hypothesis tests to determine whether the coefficients are statistically significant. This helps assess whether the observed relationships are likely to be real or could have occurred by chance.

Goodness of Fit: Measures such as R-squared are used to evaluate how well the regression model fits the data. A higher R-squared indicates a better fit, suggesting that the model explains a larger proportion of the variability in the dependent variable.

Residual Analysis: Examining the residuals (the differences between predicted and observed values) helps ensure that the model assumptions, such as homoscedasticity and normality of residuals, are met.

Regression analysis is a powerful tool in econometrics, enabling researchers to quantify and analyze relationships in economic data, make predictions, and test hypotheses about the factors influencing economic analysis

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Net Economics #Classical Economists and their work# Economic theory